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            CD4+CD25+ regulatory T lymphocytes in allergy and asthma

            施煥中 , H.-Z. Shi , X.-J. Qin

            Allergy 2005: 60: 986-995,-0001,():



            Allergic asthma is characterized by airway hyper-responsiveness and chronic mucosal inflammation mediated by CD4+ Th2 lymphocytes. Regulatory CD4+CD25+ T cells are important components of the homeostasis of the immune system, as impaired CD4+CD25+ T cell activity can cause autoimmune diseases and allergy. The mechanism of suppression by CD4+CD25+ T cells remains controversial; different in vivo and in vitro studies raise possible roles for the immunosuppressive cytokines interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor-β, forkhead transcription factor Foxp3, glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor, cytotoxic lymphocyte associated antigen-4, 4-1BB costimulator receptor, a CD4-related molecule LAG-3, and neuropilin-1. Current data suggest that Th2 responses to allergens are normally suppressed by CD4+CD25+ T cells. Suppression by CD4+CD25+ T cells is decreased in allergic individuals. Furthermore, CD4+CD25+ T cells play a key role in regulating airway eosinophilic inflammation. The immunomodulatory properties of CD4+CD25+ T cells do extend to Th2 responses, most notably by limiting the development of a proinflammatory CD4+ Th2 phenotype characterized by reduced cytokine production. An understanding of the roles of CD4+CD25+ T cells in vivo could provide better insight into the design of novel approaches to modulate the chronic airway inflammatory reaction evident in bronchial asthma.

            【免責聲明】以下全部內容由[施煥中]上傳于[2006年01月19日 22時50分06秒],版權歸原創者所有。本文僅代表作者本人觀點,與本網站無關。本網站對文中陳述、觀點判斷保持中立,不對所包含內容的準確性、可靠性或完整性提供任何明示或暗示的保證。請讀者僅作參考,并請自行承擔全部責任。


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